Question: We have special ceremony for the evening of last Tuesday of the Iranian Year, which joins the Last Wednesday of the year. Its full of fun, joy and culture.
Answer: Chahārshanbe-Sūri meaning Wednesday Feast comes from the word Sour which means party or feast in Persian is an ancient Persian festival dating back to about 1700 BCE of the early Zoroastrian era is an eve which is marked by special customs and rituals, most notably jumping over fire. The festival of fire is an introduction to the Nowruz festival, which marks the arrival of spring and revival of nature; it is hoped for enlightenment and happiness throughout the coming year. Traditionally celebrated on the last Wednesday night of the year, Chahrshanbeh Soori has, since the Iranian revolution, been marked on the evening of the last Tuesday. Bonfires are lit to keep the sun alive till early hours of the morning. The celebration usually starts in the evening, with people making bonfires in the streets and jumping over them. This purification ritual includes people going into the streets to make fires, jump over them while singing: Sorkhi-ye to az man; Zardi-ye man az to (My sickly yellow paleness is yours, and your fiery red color is mine)
Loosely translated, this means you want the fire to take your paleness, sickness, and problems and in turn give you redness, warmth, and energy. This festivity serves as a cultural festival for Persians, Persian Jews, Muslims, Armenians, Kurds, Turks and Zoroastrians alike. Indeed this celebration, in particular the significant role of fire, is likely to hail from Zoroastrianism. Traditionally, it is believed that the livings were visited by the spirits of their ancestors on the last day of the year. Many people especially children, wrap themselves in shrouds symbolically re-enacting the visits. By the light of the bonfire, they run through the streets banging on pots and pans with spoons called Qashog-Zani to beat out the last unlucky Wednesday of the year, while they knock on doors to ask for treats. Indeed, Halloween is a Celtic variation of this night. In order to make wishes come true, it is customary to prepare special foods and distribute them on this night. Persian Noodle Soup known as Âsh, a filled Persian delight, and mixture of seven dried nuts and fruits, pistachios, roasted chic peas, almond, hazelnuts, figs, apricots, and raisins.
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